Understanding Oil Contaminants
By Tom Bock
Oil Filtration is vital to proper engine performance and engine longevity. Choosing the right filtration for your investment can make or break your business. What types of filtration are available and what questions should be investigated before making the decision.
First there are many types of oil filtration products available from full flow filters that filter to 18-20 microns and allow a high flow rate to lubricate and cool engine to bypass filters that remove a small quantity of oil from the normal lubrication system to enable the oil to be filtered to a much finer level. Most engines are equipped with full flow filters only, a better method of providing engine protection would come from a combination of full flow and bypass filtration that enables lubricating system to flow at the proper rate to cool and lubricate engine but is able to remove all the 2-22 micron particles that cause engine wear. The best method of providing engine protection is a fluid cleaning technology that removes both solid and liquid contaminants keeping oil clean while operating engine.
Engines need to have oil filtered constantly. The selection of either full flow or bypass filters that is right for any operation is a key factor to any preventive maintenance process. Obviously cost is a factor but the cheaper filters may require more frequent changes and not provide the best engine protection. The consumer should consider filter media as well as cost. A cellulose paper filter or string wound cotton will have a lower initial cost but when compared to the longevity and efficiency of filtration available with synthetic or micro glass filters they may not be the best option when cost per mile is considered. There are a few additional questions to ask and investigate when considering filter purchases.
What does filter cost?
Is additional cost of synthetic and micro glass type filters justified based on extended filter life?
What are manufacturers recommended interval?
Does media allow oil to channel through filter decreasing filtration?
Does media breakdown and contaminate oil with strands of material or cellulose?
What effect does water have on the media, is water absorbed, passed through filter or trapped in filter?
Does media require any maintenance as is the case with wire screen filters etc.?
Can the media hold up to extended drain cycles?
Does filter remove all the damage causing particles?
Is filter a spin on or cartridge type?
What are disposal requirements for used filters?
Is filtration mechanical with moving parts that may wear out?
Would a combination of full flow and bypass filter meet your needs?
Is on board fluid cleaning technology right for your operation?
You can get the answers by calling a few oil filtration companies that offer different types of filtration or you can attend a truck show and speak with them face to face.
If you want to discuss with a representative of Oil Purification Systems stop by our booth # 2821 at the Great West Truck Show June 14th to 16th at the Sands Convention & Expo Center in Las Vegas.
I look forward to helping you make your decision…